Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
When to seek emergency medical attention
Look for emergency warning signs* for COVID-19. If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:
- Trouble breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion
- Inability to wake or stay awake
- Bluish lips or face
References - Important information resources
- If you experience mild symptoms of respiratory infection (cough, runny nose, fever, sore throat) stay home, self isolate and seek medical advice.
- If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention.
- If symptoms become worse or if you are considered high-risk (elderly or people of any age with underlying health conditions e.g. diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases, arterial hypertension), you should immediately contact your physician for evaluation.
- If you are under medication, you must comply with your doctors' advice.
- Strictly avoid contact with people in high-risk groups. If this is not possible, take all personal hygiene measures (wash your hands thoroughly, use a mask or keep a 1.5 meter distance from one another).
- Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. All children and staff should engage in hand hygiene at the following times:
- Arrival to the facility and after breaks
- After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
- Before and after preparing food or drinks
- Before and after eating or handling food
- Before and after using the toilet
- After coming in contact with bodily fluid (i.e. sweat)
- After handling animals
- After playing outdoors or in sand
- After handling garbage
- Whenever your hands are visibly dirty
- Maintain a safe distance (1.5meters) from anyone and others
- As of October 26th, 2020 the use of protective face masks is mandatory as you enter campus in all indoor and outdoor areas.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze; then throw tissue in the trash bin.
- Improve airflow and ventilation in classrooms and other areas in your homes by opening windows as much as possible.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects in the classroom and in your homes, as needed.
- Do not share personal items, such as pencils, pens, computers and other materials.
- Avoid gatherings, social events, and crowded open spaces; always respect social distancing
- Avoid any unnecessary travels abroad or within the country.
Step 1: Wet hands with safe running water
Step 2: Apply enough soap to cover wet hands
Step 3: Scrub all surfaces of the hands – including backs of hands, between fingers and under nails - for at least 20 seconds
Step 4: Rinse thoroughly with running water
Step 5: Dry hands with a clean, dry cloth, single-use towel as available
Step 1: Apply a palm-full of the product in a cupped hand, covering all surfaces
Step 2: Rub hands palm to palm
Step 3: Right palm over left dorsum with interlaced fingers and vice versa.
Step 4: Palm to palm with fingers interlaced.
Step 5: Backs of fingers to opposing palms with fingers interlocked
Step 6: Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and vice versa.
Step 7: Rotational rubbing, backwards and forwards with clasped fingers of right hand in left palm and vice versa.
Step 8: Once dry, your hands are safe.
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